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Our analysis uses data from the National Maternal and Infant Health Survey (NMIHS), which was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics from 1988 to 1991.(The analysis by Landry and Forrest used the same data set.) The NMIHS is a nationally representative follow-back survey of women aged 15-49 who had had a live birth, fetal death or infant death in 1988.
Using this five-year definition of age differences between 15-17-year-olds and their partners, we examine three related questions: What is the frequency with which children of 15-17-year-olds are fathered by older men?Table 1 (page 62) describes the statutory provisions prohibiting sexual intercourse between adults and minors aged 15-17 for five states with the greatest annual number of births.Only statutes that describe felony offenses are included.The median age difference appears to be five years.Statutory rape laws are not uniformly enforced, however.Furthermore, the act earmarks special state funds to expand the prosecution of adult men who father children with minors.
In this article, we present data that examine closely the role of older men in teenage childbearing.
After weighting, 34% of these young women were black, 18% were Hispanic and 48% were white or of "other" races (Asian, Aleutian Islander and American Indian).
Almost equal proportions lived in households with an annual income of less than $10,000 and in households with an income of more than $10,000 (51% vs. The NMIHS data were also used to identify 5,040 22-30-year-old males who fathered a child in 1988.
Although statutory rape laws vary from state to state, they always pertain only to minors—individuals younger than age 18, but the age threshold is lower in many states.
Further, most states specify a minimum age that the "perpetrator" must be to be charged or specify a minimum age difference between the partners.
Second, what are the characteristics of these minors and of their relationships?